Friday, May 22, 2020
Social Media Tools in E-Commerce Last week the team created a presentation to describe how new communication technology could help the team-oriented projects of an e-commerce company succeed in a more effective and efficient manner. Now that the presentation is complete and was a success, the executives would like us to launch an e-commerce unit. The team will discuss how the new social media tools may be used to distribute messages to consumers and clients and explain which tools are the best to use in specific situations. Some of these tools that will be discussed include video conferencing, Skype, online schedules, online calendars, Smartphone, and internal shared hard drives. Several ethical issues are involved when usingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦These security concerns include fraudulent acts committed by employees or third parties against the computer systems, computer virus attacks, alteration or destruction to electronic information, trade secrets copied or recorded, and extortion (Tennant Risk Services, 2004). Any time software or programs are downloaded to a computer or other device the operator runs the risk of a virus being attached. Having a secure, anti-virus software installed on each computer or device involved in downloads, is imperative to prevent damage caused by virus attacks. Security systems that mo nitor computer activity can also be installed on computers within the organization or company to deter employees from committing fraudulent or malicious acts against the computer system. Computer Securities Products, Inc. offers a variety of items to secure computer hardware and software such as cable kits, coverlocks (blocks viruses from being downloaded or information from being copied by locking across the disk drives, CD drives, and USB ports), and steel enclosures for CPU cases (Computer Securities Products, Inc., 2009). The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) was passed in 1984 and updated in 1986, 1994, 1996, and 2001. It prohibits unauthorized access to computers belonging to a financial institution, government agency, or protected computers involving interstate or foreign communicationShow MoreRelatedE Commerce And Social Media915 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAs the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s boutique, Adorable AnnieÃ¢â¬â¢s wants to pursue entering their store in the e-commerce and socia l media outlets. This will bring positive results to the problem statement which are the following challenges: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Identify their target market Ã¢â¬ ¢ Generate promotional pricing/point of purchase (P.O.P) displays Ã¢â¬ ¢ Generate a company website/Email database Ã¢â¬ ¢ Expanding the storeÃ¢â¬â¢s social media outlets beyond Facebook However, the hypothesis for the company would be to produce a positive outcomeRead MoreSocial Media Tools in E-Commerce2025 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSocial Media Tools in E-Commerce COMM/470 As with any organization the key to success are many. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a matter of determining which keys fit the door of success and focus of the organization. Technology is continuously expanding therefore producing more advanced tools to better organize, communicate effectively and provide efficiently the highest quality of work output by employees. Taking on the task of assisting with the launch of a new e-commerce unit, it is important to recognize thatRead MoreImpact Of Social Media On E Commerce1914 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON E-COMMERCE Name : Kajal Bagauli Roll no: 04 Subject : Seminar Paper INTEGRATION OF SOCIAL MEDIA AND E-COMMERCE (FROM THE SOCIAL IMPACT THEORY) ABSTRACT One thing that has now become an integral part of almost every consumer s online habits is Social media. When consumer comes intoRead MoreThe Role Of Social Media On Global E Commerce1507 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Role of Social Media in Global e-Commerce Name Affiliated Institution E-commerce is short for electronic commerce where the participants (companies) trade their products and services using computer networks. The buyers and sellers can use platforms like mobile commerce, electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, online transaction processing, data collection, internet marketing, electronic data interchange and inventory management systems. Currently, most of these transactions have takenRead MoreE Commerce Is Fast Growing Market1132 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages3. BACKGROUND: E-commerce is fast growing market where all customersÃ¢â¬â¢ behavior, satisfaction is 8/10 which is the best rating and shows how important is E-commerce . Evaluating customerÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviors quantitatively is important and easy as E-commerce and F-commerce  are flaming topics these days by every and any third-party statistics and analysis firm because of the fast emerging market through adverts posted on social media , which draws social media users attention towards the advertsRead MoreWhy E Commerce Is Important For The Business1284 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgrowing company, marketing is really an important factor for the business and in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world E-commerce is the best option to adopt for the marketing. Why E-commerce is really important for the business? E-commerce is basically use of internet and web to transact business. It is different and powerful from previous and traditional technologies. Its eight unique feature described in the book E-commerce 2015 (11th edition by Kenneth C. Laudon and Carol Guercio Traver) are the keys and that make itRead MorePersonalised Social Media Endorsements For Online Products1530 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRecommendations and Referrals: these usually refer to personalised social media endorsements for online products. They help potential customers to know the referral value. Social recommendations include the information given by customers on what to read, see, buy, and so on; while referral programs involve some material or non-material rewards provided by sellers (Moe Trusov 2011). Ratings and Reviews: these indicate the original social commerce toolset used for customers to share their shopping and userRead MoreThe Impact Of E Commerce On Retail Industry1697 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesimpact of E-Commerce on the Ã¢â¬ËRetail IndustryÃ¢â¬â¢ August 8 2016 The Findings and Analysis of customer information on an e-commerce platform. The Improved Marketing techniques of e-commerce. Security issues associated with conducting business over the internet and the methods used to combat these security vulnerabilitiesÃ¢â¬â¢ on e-commerce and the use of social media e-commerce the conventional method of conducting business today Ã¢â¬Æ' The Main Elements of E-Commerce and the impact of E-Commerce on Ã¢â¬ËRetailRead MoreHow the E-commerce Companies Interact, Attract and Retain Customers1414 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe e-commerce companies interact , attract and retain customers. This essay focuses on how Search Engine Optimization and Search Engine Marketing helps to attract new customers for a company. The essay also includes how Social Media and Smartphones effect an e-commerce organizations. According to Dave Chaffey (2006), E-Commerce is often thought simply to refer to buying and selling through internet. People immediately think of consumer retail purchases from companies such as Amazon. But E-commerceRead MoreCommunity: Being LinkedIn to the World of E-Commerce Essay examples1338 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesor something completely different, businesses with fall with out it. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s technological age, social networking sites are now the most convenient and easy way to connect all of these players in order to be accepted. LinkedIn is a perfect example of a social networking site that allows all of these players to interact to gain whichever acceptance they may need or be seeking. By using key e-commerce concepts, LinkedIn is able to be a strong, successful online community for businesses, consumers
Saturday, May 9, 2020
The Secrets of Classical Argument Essay Topics Revealed What You Must Know About Classical Argument Essay Topics An argumentative essay requires you to choose a topic and have a position on it. Researching the topic permits you to find out more about what fascinates you, and should you pick something you truly like, writing the essay will be more enjoyable. Moral argumentative essay topics are a few of the simplest to get carried away with. Recent argumentative essay topics that are related to society is going to do. When writing a crucial composition, it's recommended to pick contradictive topics. Thus, it's important to read corresponding formatting guide. You don't need to find super technical with legal argumentative essays, but make sure to do your homework on what the recent laws about your preferred topic actually say. You've got a possibility to select one of the greatest topics for argumentative essay from our list! It's possible to pick topics from assorted lists of ready themes. Quite frequently, the very best topic is one which you truly care about, but you also will need to get well prepared to research it. The Hidden Truth About Classical Argument Essay Topics Whether all people with IQ's below 130 ought to be killed by the state is no problem about which reasonable individuals will probably argue. Classical Argument Essay Treatment of illegal immigrants is a matter that raises a great deal of controversies. Folks can easily outsource for manual aid in doing tasks that they might be unwilling to carry out themselves from the illegal immigrants at a less expensive cost than when seeking assistance from a professional w ho's registered as a legal citizen of the nation. Lies You've Been Told About Classical Argument Essay Topics Preferably, it must be something which you're an expert in. When you're picking your topic, remember that it's much simpler to write about something which you presently have interest ineven in case you don't know a good deal about it. Usually nobody looks into the reason a kid is failing or struggling. Try to remember that you're writing as somebody who has gone to the trouble of thoroughly understanding the report. What You Should Do to Find Out About Classical Argument Essay Topics Before You're Left Behind Each paragraph should contain a significant amount of details that support your claim. If you're not pleased with your paper, you can find the entire refund according to our company policy or ask us for corrections. If you make an order on our site, you obtain all extra guarantees. As a small business proprietor, the confirmation section of the argument is whe re you're able to present valid reasons for prospects to select your product or assistance. The Fundamentals of Classical Argument Essay Topics You Will be Able to Benefit From Starting Right Away The summation is a chance to remind the audience what's at stake. A conclusion is, undoubtedly, the most significant portion of the argumentative essay since you can either support the excellent impression or destroy it entirely. Even when you're stating your perspective, make sure you do not come off as biased. More to the point, it provides the readers a psychological awareness of closurethe argument winds up rather than breaking off. Professors see hundreds of papers a calendar year, so they are conversant with the simplest or most intriguing topics. To compose a strong argumentative essay, students should start by familiarizing themselves with a number of the common, and frequently conflicting, positions on the research topic so they can write an educated paper. The ideal way t o be a thriving student is to employ an expert paper writer. An argumentative essay is a certain kind of academic writing. Moreover, in-text citations will present your awareness of the various papers formats. Argumentative writings is a particular sort of a paper. What Everybody Dislikes About Classical Argument Essay Topics and Why In choosing your topic, it's frequently a good concept to start with a subject which you already have some familiarity with. The purpose of such essays isn't to demonstrate your knowledge, yet to exhibit the important thinking and analytical skills. The thesis of the argument is the principal part of the introduction. In terms of the organization of the last essay, it's advisable to use a 5-paragraph structure.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
We define Diaspora as a movement of any population with common ethnic identity from their settled territory to areas farther away. This is common to populations from countries which are experiencing poverty, economic unrest, and military problems, making it not very suitable for living. This is the situation discussed in the article by Mary Rogan, entitled Girl, Interrupted. We will write a custom essay sample on Diasporic Article Critique or any similar topic only for you Order Now She talks about the life and death of Aqsa Parvez, a Pakistani immigrant in Toronto, Canada. The article focused on the life of 16 year old Aqsa, who tried to blend in with the western culture of her new home (Rogan, 2008). The article initially recounts that events that happened the day Aqsa Parvez was murdered by her own father and brother because she allegedly disrespected their culture and religion. The article was nothing more than an account of the things that happened before and after the death. It tried to fit in the pieces that led to the death of the teenager, coupled with the statements given by two of her closest friends. If you look at the situation in a spectatorÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, you would see that it was nothing more but a case of domestic violence, with the father overly beating the child for not following his orders. However, if the case is viewed in a cultural or religious perspective, it would reveal a different story. Diaspora in the context of Aqsa ParvezÃ¢â¬â¢ situation would mean moving from her place of origin towards Ontario, while brining with her all her cultural and religious beliefs (Berns-McGown, 2008). She was a from a Muslim family, and devout one at that, which is why every aspect of their culture should be followed, and deviating from it would mean disrespect, and should be dealt with accordingly. Aqsa Pavrez is born and raised in the Islam culture, so she has to adopt in her life every teaching that the culture presented to her. The article Girl, Interrupted focused on one symbolism all throughout the article, and that is the wearing of a Hajib. Muslim women were regarded as the treasures of the religion, which is why they have to be covered all over, as much as possible, not revealing an inch of their naked skin. For those living in Muslim countries, women were clad in robes and cover their face, revealing only their eyes. But for the case of Aqsa Pavrez, she was only required by her parents to wear a Hajib, a cloth that would cover her head and hair. This situation is a manifestation of cultural diaspora, wherein Aqsa Pavrez and her family carries with them the religious and cultural beliefs and practice of their homeland. However, since Ontario is different from where they came from, they have to somehow adapt and adjust these practices to match the place. Aqsa Pavrez and other women from the same culture and religion were not anymore required to be clad in long robes just to cover every inch of their skin. They were instead required to wear lose shirts and large jeans, and to wear a Hajib to cover their head. For those who have strongly adhered to their cultural and religious practices, complying with these guidelines was easy. They are somehow able to fit in with the new environment, but are able to maintain and preserve with them the teachings of their culture and religion. But Aqsa Pavrez was different. According to the article, she did not despise wearing their traditional clothing, but instead, she wanted to wear it according to her choice. She wanted to have freedom in choosing what to wear, freedom of expressing herself, especially since sheÃ¢â¬â¢s a teenager, with friends who are very much different from her. She somehow wanted to blend in, and the practices that she was accustomed to were hindering her from doing so. In a Diasporic perspective, we can say that indeed, there are people just like Aqsa Pavrez. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t hate the culture and religion they grew up with, but they also wanted to enjoy what other people are enjoying. The cultural practices that she was expected to follow were hindering her from doing the things she wanted, which is why most of the times, she broke the rule set by her father and older brother. In the context of Diaspora, the people who settle in foreign lands such as this were expected to alter the beliefs and practices that they have brought with them. They are in a different land, and not all of the cases that they grew up on would apply. If we are to judge the actions of Aqsa Pavrez, she was merely adapting to the new environment, and was trying to mix the culture that she grew up on, with that of the foreign land they have settled in (Sen, 2006). This action is very much expected, though there are some constraints that she has encountered. First of all, she was still in her youth, and she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t possibly stand on her own feet considering her age. It was too early to become independent, so no matter what her desires are, it is impossible to put it into fruition. Her family, especially her father and brother, hindered her from doing so, primarily because they wanted her to retain the practices and beliefs that they grew up on. The sad thing though, for the case of Aqsa Pavrez is that she was not given the chance to grow up. She died before even reaching the point where she can decide on what she wants. The title could be wrong because girls like Aqsa would still need intervention. What could be more appropriate is that, it is a Life, Interrupted. How to cite Diasporic Article Critique, Papers
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
My View of the AHA Position on Workforce Issues The American Hospital Association (AHA) offers powerful ideas in order to support many caregivers. An engaged workforce can improve the quality of healthcare in the United States. The AHA uses powerful strategies in order to address various workforce issues in the country.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on The American Hospital Association (AHA) Workforce Issues specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The agency uses the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) to promote the best practices. The AHA Ã¢â¬Å"ensures that the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s healthcare system supports the needs of different communitiesÃ¢â¬ (Bovbjerg, Ormond, Pindus, 2009, p. 4). The PPACA created a commission to address the issues affecting many healthcare institutions. The American Hospital Association focuses on different workforce issues. To begin with, the organization collaborates with various stakeholders in the health sector. This Ã¢â¬Å"practice makes it easier for the AHA to identify new resources, policies, and strategiesÃ¢â¬ (Bovbjerg et al., 2009, p. 5). Such policies support the changing needs of many caregivers in the country. The AHA is also Ã¢â¬Å"the national advocate for many American hospitalsÃ¢â¬ (Sultz Young, 2011, p. 39). The AHA deals with different issues such as employee-relations and shortages. The agency collaborates with different institutions and medical facilities. This approach ensures more individuals to join various medical professions. The organization also promotes various practices in order to increase the supply of caregivers. This Ã¢â¬Å"approach will eventually address the issue of workforce shortageÃ¢â¬ (Sultz Young, 2011, p. 47). The organization has also been undertaking new studies. Such studies examine the major obstacles affecting the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s healthcare system. The AHA also presents powerful recommendatio ns that can improve the working conditions of many clinicians (Bovbjerg et al., 2009). The AHA has offered three recommendations in order to deal with the above problems. These proposals include Ã¢â¬Å"redesigning the nature of medical practice, attracting a large number of new caregivers, and retaining every existing nurseÃ¢â¬ (Bovbjerg et al., 2009, p. 9). The AHA also presents powerful leadership skills that can improve the performance of different caregivers.Ã The organization also promotes the best employee-patient relations. The Employee Free Choice Act will Ã¢â¬Å"improve the nature of employee relationships in different working environmentsÃ¢â¬ (Sultz Young, 2011, p. 72).Advertising Looking for case study on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The agency encourages more institutions to Ã¢â¬Å"have appropriate staffing patternsÃ¢â¬ (Zywiak, 2014, p. 4). This approach will also ensure every pati ent gets the best care. The AHA also expects every medical institution to support its workers. The AHA encourages different facilities Ã¢â¬Å"to use appropriate procedures such as mandatory liftingÃ¢â¬ (Zywiak, 2014, p. 3). Some institutions use the concept of Unavoidable Overtime (UO) in order to achieve their goals. That being the case, the AHA encourages such institutions to embrace the best workplace procedures. The important goal is addressing the major challenges affecting different caregivers. Workforce Shortages According to the American Hospital Association, the issue of workforce shortage will continue to affect the quality of healthcare in the country. Many caregivers will be looking for greener pastures in the coming years. This fact explains why many healthcare facilities offer inadequate medical services to their patients. This problem is currently affecting the American healthcare system. The rate of Ã¢â¬Å"employee turnover is on the riseÃ¢â¬ (Zywiak, 2014, p. 7). The government has identified a number of measures to address the problem. According to Sultz and Young (2011), new strategies are needed in order to address this workforce issue. The reduced number of healthcare providers will definitely affect the quality of medical care. The existing employees will have to work for more hours. This practice will Ã¢â¬Å"result in burnout and high employee turnoverÃ¢â¬ (Zywiak, 2014, p. 5). However, the AHA has been promoting new practices in order to deal with this problem. New provisions are also needed in order Ã¢â¬Å"to increase the supply of different caregiversÃ¢â¬ (Sultz Young, 2011, p. 82). Every organization should embrace the best strategies in order to retain its nurses. This practice will support the diverse needs of different communities. This workforce issue can make it impossible for many patients to get quality care. The shortage of medical practitioners will also affect many American societies. I strongly believe that th e ideas presented by the AHA can produce the best outcomes. The agency encourages Ã¢â¬Å"different employers to become more attractiveÃ¢â¬ (Sultz Young, 2011, p. 65). Such employers should promote the best workplace relations. They should create cohesive teams in order to achieve the best goals.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on The American Hospital Association (AHA) Workforce Issues specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More New studies are required in order to identify the major regions affected by this problem. This understanding will make it easier for the government to deal with the above issue. Every learning institution should encourage more people to join various medical professions (Sultz Young, 2011). I also support most of the recommendations presented by the American Hospital Association. Every employer should be ready to Ã¢â¬Å"redesign the nature of medical practiceÃ¢â¬ (Zywiak, 2014, p. 9). Such employers should also use proper incentives in order to attract more practitioners. Every medical facility should also improve its working environment. This approach will eventually address the above workforce issue. Reference List Bovbjerg, R., Ormond, B., Pindus, N. (2009). The Nursing Workforce Challenge: Public Policy for a Dynamic and Complex Market. Web. Sultz, H., Young, K. (2011). Healthcare USA: Understanding its Organization and Delivery. Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning. Zywiak, W. (2014). U.S. Healthcare Workforce Shortages: Caregivers. Web. This case study on The American Hospital Association (AHA) Workforce Issues was written and submitted by user Shania S. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. 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Friday, March 20, 2020
Chinese Mine Explosions essays Three coal mine explosions occurred in China this past Wednesday, October 20. The most devastating of which happened in Xinmi, located in the province of Henan. Several gas explosions in the mine have left rescuers to find sixty four dead bodies, and still searching for eighty four more. Yahoo News and Reuters UK have reported on this incident from two differing points of view, and this comes from who they believe is responsible for the incidents. Yahoo News reports on the incidents as if they are the fault of the bosses controlling the mines. In a quote taken from Li, whose nephew was trapped in the mine, and is yet to be found says that "There was a lot of talk in the mine that the mine boss was no good. A lot of the miners did not like him." The China Labor Bulletin, a Hong Kong based human rights group says that there are over twenty thousand coal mine related deaths per year in China. They believe that the reason for this comes from the coal mining bosses's lack of attention to safety needed for the workers to operate in good conditions. The group believes that there are many fatalities that go unreported by mine bosses so that they will not be subject to penalties, and also that their mine will not be shut down. Many people have gathered outside of the Xinmi mine in hopes that they will receive some news of their family members sooner. From what Yahoo News has reported, the fault of this particular mining accident, and the other ones as well lies with the mining bosses's lack of attention to safety. Reuters UK reports on the incidents that took place on Wednesday focuses on a lot of governmental related problems that seem to have caused these deaths. China's government relies heavily on their own production of coal as a cheap way to find energy. The government puts a lot of pressure on mine workers and mine bosses to maximize their production of coal. Li Dun, a sociologist at Beijing's Qinghua University, says tha...
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
What You Should Know About Kants Ethics in a Nutshell Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is, by common consent, one of the most profound and original philosophers who ever lived. He is equally well known for his metaphysicsÃ¢â¬âthe subject of his Critique of Pure Reason-and for his moral philosophy which is set out in his Groundwork to the Metaphysics of Morals and the Critique of Practical Reason. Of these last two works, the Groundwork is by far the easier to understand. A Problem for the Enlightenment To understand KantÃ¢â¬â¢s moral philosophy it is crucial first of all to understand the problem that he, like other thinkers of the time, was trying to deal with. From time immemorial, peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s moral beliefs and practices had been based on religion. Scriptures like the bible or the Koran laid out moral rules that were thought to be handed down from God: DonÃ¢â¬â¢t kill. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t steal. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t commit adultery, and so on. The fact that the rules came from God gave them their authority. They were not just somebodyÃ¢â¬â¢s arbitrary opinion: they gave humanity an objectively valid code of conduct. Moreover, everyone had an incentive to obey them.Ã If you Ã¢â¬Å"walked in the ways of the Lord,Ã¢â¬ you would be rewarded, either in this life or the next. If you violated His commandments, you would be punished. So any sensible person would abide by the moral rules that religion taught. With the scientific revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries, and the great cultural movement known as the Enlightenment which followed, a problem arose for this way of thinking. Simply put, faith in God, scripture, and organized religion began to decline among the intelligentsiaÃ¢â¬âthat is, the educated elite. This is the development that Nietzsche famously described as Ã¢â¬Å"the death of God.Ã¢â¬ And it created a problem for moral philosophy. For if religion wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t the foundation that gave our moral beliefs their validity, what other foundation could there be? And if there is no God, and therefore no guarantee of cosmic justice ensuring that the good guys are rewarded and the bad guys are punished, why should anyone bother trying to be good? The Scottish moral philosopher Alisdair MacIntrye called this Ã¢â¬Å"the Enlightenment problem.Ã¢â¬ The problem is to come up with a secularÃ¢â¬âthat is, a non-religiousÃ¢â¬âaccount of what morality is and why we should be moral. Three Responses to the Enlightenment Problem 1.Ã Social Contract Theory One response was pioneered by the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679). He argued that morality was essentially a set of rules that human beings agreed upon among themselves in order to make living together possible. If we didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have these rules, many of which are laws enforced by the government, life would be absolutely horrible for everyone. 2.Ã Utilitarianism Another attempt give morality a non-religious foundation was pioneered by thinkers like David Hume (1711-1776) and Jeremy Bentham (1748-1742). This theory holds that pleasure and happiness have intrinsic value. They are what we all want and are the ultimate goals that all our actions aim at.Ã Something is good if it promotes happiness, and it is bad if it produces suffering. Our basic duty is to try to do things that add to the amount of happiness or reduce the amount of misery in the world.Ã 3.Ã Kantian Ethics Kant had no time for utilitarianism.Ã He thought that in placing the emphasis on happiness it completely misunderstood the nature of morality.Ã In his view, the basis for our sense of what is good or bad, right or wrong, is our awareness that human beings are free, rational agents who should be given the respect appropriate to such beings.Ã LetÃ¢â¬â¢s see in closer detail what this means and what it entails. The Problem With Utilitarianism The basic problem with utilitarianism, in KantÃ¢â¬â¢s view, is that it judges actions by their consequences.Ã If your action makes people happy, itÃ¢â¬â¢s good; if it does the reverse, itÃ¢â¬â¢s bad.Ã But this is actually contrary to what we might call moral common sense.Ã Consider this question.Ã Who do you think is the better person, the millionaire who gives $1,000 to charity in order to look good in front of his girlfriend, or the minimum wage worker who donates a dayÃ¢â¬â¢s pay to charity because he thinks it is is duty to help the needy? If consequences are all that matter, then the millionaireÃ¢â¬â¢s action is better.Ã But thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not what most people think.Ã Most of us judge actions more by their motives than by their consequences.Ã The reason is obvious: the consequences of our actions are often out of our control, just as the ball is out of the pitcherÃ¢â¬â¢s control once it has left his hand.Ã I could save a life at the risk of my own, and the person I save could turn out to be serial killer.Ã Or I could kill someone in the course of stealing from them, and in doing so might accidentally save the world from a terrible tyrant. The Good Will The first sentence of KantÃ¢â¬â¢s Groundwork states: Ã¢â¬Å"the only thing that is unconditionally good is a good will.Ã¢â¬ KantÃ¢â¬â¢s argument for this is quite plausible. Consider anything you think of as good: health, wealth, beauty, intelligence, etc. In every case, you can imagine a situation in which this good thing is not good after all. A person can be corrupted by their wealth. The robust health of a bully makes it easier for him to abuse his victims. A personÃ¢â¬â¢s beauty may lead them to become vain and fail to develop their talents. Even happiness is not good if it is the happiness of a sadist torturing his victims. A good will, by contrast, says Kant, is always good in all circumstances. But what, exactly, does he mean by a good will? The answer is fairly simple. A person acts from a good will when they do what they do because they think it is their duty: when they act from a sense of moral obligation. Duty v. Inclination Obviously, we donÃ¢â¬â¢t perform every little act we do out of a sense of obligation. Much of the time we are simply following our inclinations, acting out of self-interest. There is nothing wrong with this. But no-one deserves any credit for pursuing their own interests. That comes naturally to us, just as it comes naturally to every animal. What is remarkable about human beings, though, is that we can, and sometimes do, perform an action from purely moral motives. E.g. a soldier throws himself on a grenade, sacrificing his life to save the lives of others. Or less dramatically, I pay back a debt as I promised to do even though this will leave me short of money. In KantÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, when a person freely chooses to do the right thing just because it is the right thing to do, their action adds value to the world; it lights it up, so to speak, with a brief glow of moral goodness. Knowing What Your Duty Is Saying that people should do their duty from a sense of duty is easy. But how are we supposed to know what our duty is? Sometimes we may find ourselves facing moral dilemmas where it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t obvious which course of action is right. According to Kant, however, in most situations are duty is obvious. And if we are uncertain we can work it out by reflecting on a general principle that he calls the Ã¢â¬Å"Categorical Imperative.Ã¢â¬ This, he claims, is the fundamental principle of morality. All other rules and precepts can be deduced from it. He offers several different versions of this categorical imperative. One runs as follows: Ã¢â¬Å"Act only on that maxim that you can will as a universal law.Ã¢â¬ What this means, basically, is that we should only ask ourselves: how would it be if everyone acted the way IÃ¢â¬â¢m acting? Could I sincerely and consistently wish for a world in which everyone behaved this way? According to Kant, if our action is morally wrong we would not b able to do this. For instance, suppose IÃ¢â¬â¢m thinking of breaking a promise. Could I wish for a world in which everyone broke their promises when keeping them was inconvenient? Kant argues that I could not want this, not least because in such a world no-one would make promises since everyone would know that a promise meant nothing. The Ends Principle Another version of the Categorical Imperative that Kant offers states that one should Ã¢â¬Å"always treat people as ends in themselves, never merely as a means to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own ends. This is commonly referred to as the Ã¢â¬Å"ends principle.Ã¢â¬ But what does it mean, exactly?Ã The key to it is KantÃ¢â¬â¢s belief that what makes us moral beings is the fact that we are free and rational. To treat someone as a means to your own ends or purposes is to not respect this fact about them. For instance, if I get you to agree to do something by making a false promise, I am manipulating you. Your decision to help me is based on false information (the idea that IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to keep my promise). In this way, I have undermined your rationality. This is even more obvious if I steal from you or kidnap you in order to claim a ransom. Treating someone as an end, by contrast, involves always respecting the fact that they are capable of free rational choices which may beÃ different from the choices you wish them to make. So if I want you to do something, the only moral course of action is to explain the situation, explain what I want, and let you make your own decision. KantÃ¢â¬â¢s Concept of Enlightenment In a famous essay entitled Ã¢â¬Å"What is Enlightenment?Ã¢â¬ Kant defined enlightenment as Ã¢â¬Å"manÃ¢â¬â¢s emancipation from his self-imposed immaturity.Ã¢â¬ What does this mean? And what does it have to do with his ethics? The answer goes back to the issue of religion no longer providing a satisfactory foundation for morality. What Kant calls humanityÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"immaturityÃ¢â¬ is the period when people did not truly think for themselves.Ã They typically accepted moral rules handed down to them by religion, by tradition, or by authorities like the Bible, the church, or the king. Many people have lamented the fact that many have lost their faith in these authorities. The result is viewed as a spiritual crisis for Western civilization. If Ã¢â¬Å"God is dead,Ã¢â¬ how do we know what is true and what is right? KantÃ¢â¬â¢s answer is that we have to work these things out for ourselves. But this is not something to lament.Ã Ultimately it is something to celebrate. Morality is not a matter of subjective whim. What he calls Ã¢â¬Å"the moral lawÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âthe categorical imperative and everything it impliesÃ¢â¬âcan be discovered by reason. But it is a law that we, as rational beings, impose on ourselves. It is not imposed on us from without. This is why one of our deepest feelings is reverence for the moral law. And when we act as we do out of respect for itÃ¢â¬âin other words, from a sense of dutyÃ¢â¬âwe fulfill ourselves as rational beings.
Sunday, February 16, 2020
SHORT STORY QUESTIONS - Assignment Example In the lines Ã¢â¬Å"and thinking nothing of itÃ¢â¬ (lines 45-46), the poem expresses how the author seems to want to have that innocence of a child, wondering how it is to be an adult, without any idea of the hardships. 2. SextonÃ¢â¬â¢s life and death can make a reader view the poem as an expression of her unspoken sentiments. It seems Sexton relates to the time when she was young and carefree. Since she went through depression stages in her life, the poem could also be an expression of her thoughts on how she, like a child, tried to overcome the obstacles in her life and take giant steps to attain her goals. II. Ã¢â¬Å"To My Dear and Loving HusbandÃ¢â¬ by Anne Bradstreet 1. In this poem, the line Ã¢â¬Å"If ever two were one, then surely weÃ¢â¬ is a personal favorite because it denotes the happiness and satisfaction of the wife in her married life. She considers herself one with her husband, which means her daily decisions are based on what is good for the household and th e family, and not merely for a specific individual. It also portrays how effectively the spouses are able to work on their marriage since the wife seems to know that her husband is also as happy as she is. It is a personal favorite because this bliss is a widely-coveted feeling in several unions. 2.